The process of studying the Bible according to the author’s original intended meaning is often referred to simply as interpreting the Bible literally. Mike Stallard notes that the method for this type of literal interpretation is called the grammatical-historical method of Bible interpretation: “In modern times, evangelicals have spoken of literal interpretation as grammatical-historical interpretation to indicate that there exists both a grammatical-language context as well as a historical context which must be taken into account to read a passage.”
This method is the best way to consistently discover the message that the author—God, ultimately—intended for us. You likely use aspects of this method automatically without realizing. Formalizing an approach to understanding the Bible will help you be a better student of the Bible.
For more about why the Bible should be interpreted though the grammatical-historical method, check out Does it Matter How I Read the Bible? and The Author Determines the Meaning: Now What Do I Do About It?
Bible Interpretation is More Science than Art
A word that is used to describe Bible interpretation is “hermeneutics.” That term—hermeneutics—“is from a Greek word, hermeneuo which means to interpret or to translate, to give the meaning. … Keep Reading